Improved mechanical properties of environmentally friendly jute fibre reinforced metal laminate sandwich composite through enhanced interface

Emdaul Haq, Abu Saifullah, Ahasan Habib, Abu Yousuf Mohammad Anwarul Azim, Shah Alimuzzaman, Hom Dhakal*, Forkan Sarker*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Natural plant based fibres are being increasingly used in sustainable fibre reinforced composite applications in order to meet the demand of using environmentally friendly materials for composites. Fibre metal laminates (FMLs) are used in aerospace, automobile, marine and civil engineering applications, due to their excellent mechanical behaviors compared to traditional metals and their alloys. This study describes a novel fabrication of jute fibre reinforced aluminum metal laminates, using different jute fibre architectures (plain and twill fabric structures), wherein jute fibres were used in the skins and aluminum in the core layers. Jute fibres and aluminum sheets were chemically treated to enhance the compatibility and interfacial bonding at fibre-metals-matrix interfaces. FMLs were manufactured by hot pressing technique, after the application of wet lay-up process for the resin impregnation and they were further tested under tensile, flexural and impact loading conditions. While comparing results, the twill architecture showed improved tensile and flexural properties compared to plain fabric based FMLs. Chemical treatments on twill jute fibres and metal sheets further exceptionally enhanced the flexural properties (151 MPa flexural strength and 21.3 GPa modulus and they were increased by 186.5 % and 722.7 % respectively compared to the untreated jute fibre counterparts) of the laminates due to a significant improvement in the adhesion between the jute fibre and aluminum sheet after alkali treatment applied. Therefore, with these enhanced properties, jute based FML laminates can be used as sustainable composite materials in many structural applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere24345
Issue number2
Early online date13 Jan 2024
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jan 2024


  • Natural plant fibre
  • Fibre metal laminate
  • Mechanical properties
  • Interface
  • Jute fibre

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