Influence of coloring procedure on flexural resistance of zirconia blocks

Maurizio Sedda, Alessandro Vichi, Michele Carrabba, Alessandro Capperucci, Chris Louca, Marco Ferrari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Statement of problem - The white color of zirconia limits the possibility of a natural-looking restoration. Industrially precolored blocks and green-stage coloring liquids are used to obtain shaded zirconia. Several authors have reported that pigments may negatively affect the mechanical characteristics of the material.

Purpose - The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the effect of a recently marketed coloring system on the flexural strength (σ), Weibull characteristic strength (σ0), and Weibull modulus (m) of a zirconia for computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) systems.

Material and methods
- Noncolored white blocks (In-Ceram YZ), industrially precolored blocks (In-Ceram YZ col. LL1p), and green-stage infiltration-shaded blocks in 4 colors (In-Ceram YZ Coloring Liquids) were tested. Industrially precolored specimens (n=30) were assigned to the PREC group. Noncolored specimens were divided into 5 groups (n=30). Group CNTR was not treated (control). Groups INF-N, INF-L, INF-M, and INF-I were subject to green-stage infiltration (neutral, light, medium, and intense, respectively). Specimens were tested in a 3-point bending apparatus following ISO 6872:2008 specifications. Data were analyzed by 1-way ANOVA.

Results - The calculated flexural strengths (MPa) were CNTR 1232.56 ±103.91; PREC 1215.16 ±141.42; INF-N 1280.72 ±160.10; INF-L 1218.92 ±78.63; INF-M 1153.71 ±176.80; and INF-I 1248.46 ±111.73. No statistically significant differences were found among the tested groups (P=.195).

- Unlike what has been reported for other combinations of zirconia and coloring liquids, the coloring technique tested in the present study did not negatively influence the flexural characteristics of the tested zirconia.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-102
JournalJournal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Issue number1
Early online date7 Apr 2015
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes


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