Influence of selective laser melting process parameters on the surface integrity of difficult-to-cut alloys: comprehensive review and future prospects

Danil Yu Pimenov, Lucas Freitas Berti, Giuseppe Pintaude, Gustavo Xavier Peres, Yash Chaurasia, Navneet Khanna, Khaled Giasin

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

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Difficult-to-cut alloys, which include titanium, cobalt, nickel alloys, and high-strength and heat-resistant steels, can nowadays be manufactured using selective melting (SLM), and products made of such materials are widely used in aerospace, automotive, and medical applications. SLM is widely used among other methods of additive manufacturing (AM) for the production of parts with complex geometry which are difficult to produce using conventional manufacturing processes. In this review article, for the first time, a comprehensive literature review of the most important parameters which influence the SLM manufacturing process of difficult-to-cut alloys is discussed and analysed. Parameters such as composition, grain size, defects, texture, and thermo-mechanical properties and their effect on surface integrity, namely surface topography (machined surface defects, surface roughness, surface texture), microstructural alterations (plastic deformation, grain refinement, and orientation, white layer formation), and mechanical properties (work hardening layer formation and microhardness, residual stress) are discussed. As a result, this review article shows the advantages and disadvantages of using various compositions, classifications, microstructure, defects, and properties of SLM of difficult-to-cut alloys on surface integrity and outlines development prospects, challenges, and future trends.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages32
JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Early online date1 Jun 2023
Publication statusEarly online - 1 Jun 2023


  • difficult-to-cut alloys
  • nickel alloys
  • properties
  • selective laser melting
  • steels
  • structures
  • surface integrity
  • titanium alloys

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