Oxidized phosphoribulokinase is almost inactive in its isolated state but becomes active when associated with glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. There is therefore an information transfer that takes place between these two enzymes. However, when the complex dissociates, free oxidized phosphoribulokinase is even more active than when it is associated with glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase. This means that glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase exerts an imprinting effect upon phosphoribulokinase which persists for a while after the parting of the two proteins. Various methods derived from statistical thermodynamics can be used to estimate the fraction of energy transferred from glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase to phosphoribulokinase and which alters the kinetic parameters of the latter enzyme. In the complex, the decrease of the free energy associated with the binding of ribulose 5-phosphate is larger than that of ATP. This implies that the mutual association of the two enzymes facilitates the binding of the former substrate but is without effect on that of the latter. The main effect exerted by the association of the two enzymes is to decrease by about 10 kJ/mol the height of the energy barrier of the catalytic process. Phosphoribulokinase keeps an imprinting effect exerted by glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase after the parting of the two enzymes. Part of the energy transferred from one protein to the other is used to decrease slightly the apparent binding free energy of the two substrates of phosphoribulokinase by about 1.5 kJ/mol. Whereas the previous association of the two enzymes does not significantly alter substrate binding to phosphoribulokinase, it greatly affects catalysis and decreases by about 16 kJ/mol the height of the energy barrier pertaining to this step. Therefore, within multienzyme complexes, information and energy can be transferred between proteins. Statistical thermodynamics offers the possibility of estimating how this energy is used to alter the various kinetic parameters of the reaction.
- Chlamydomonas reinhardtii/enzymology
- Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases/chemistry
- Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)/chemistry
- Protein Conformation