Input and output modality effects in immediate serial recall

Alistair J. Harvey, C. Philip Beaman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In immediate recall tasks, visual recency is substantially enhanced when output interference is low (Cowan, Saults, Elliott, & Moreno, 2002; Craik, 1969 Craik, F. I. M. 1969) whereas auditory recency remains high even under conditions of high output interference. This auditory advantage has been interpreted in terms of auditory resistance to output interference (e.g., Neath & Surprenant, 2003 Neath, I. and Surprenant, A. M. 2003). In this study the auditory-visual difference at low output interference re-emerged when ceiling effects were accounted for, but only with spoken output. With written responding the auditory advantage remained significantly larger with high than with low output interference. These new data suggest that both superior auditory encoding and modality-specific output interference contribute to the classic auditory-visual modality effect.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)693-700
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2007
Externally publishedYes


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