Intelligent coal stockpiles management system is significant for the next-generation cleaner power plants. Prevention of spontaneous combustion is a key issue for such a system, both in economic and environmental terms. As many factors can influence the self heating process of coal such as moisture and ash in coal, temperature distribution and stockpiles’ shapes, the remaining ignition time is developed as an aggregative indicator to measure the tendencies of spontaneous coal combustion. Using this value, the grey models have been applied to forecast spontaneous combustion and their performances are good for systems with insufficient information. However, the forecasting accuracy of these models still needs to be improved. Therefore, the ABC-RGM(1,1) model is proposed in this work based on the rolling-GM(1,1) and the Artificial Bee Colony (ABC) optimization algorithm, which has been applied to the management system of a 4 × 600 MW power plant. The computational experiments show that the ABC-RGM(1,1) model achieves better performance than the other popular grey models and accuracy of forecast is greatly improved especially for short-term forecasts. Such an accurate model is highly important and useful for intelligent coal management systems which can improve decision making and reduce risk.
- Coal management
- Grey model
- Optimization algorithm
- Spontaneous combustion prevention