Interaction of Trypanosoma evansi with the plasminogen-plasmin system

Héctor Acosta, Rocío Rondón-Mercado, Luisana Avilán, Juan Luis Concepción

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Trypanosoma evansi is a widely-distributed haemoflagellated parasite of veterinary importance that infects a variety of mammals including horses, mules, camels, buffalos, cattle and deer. It is the causal agent of a trypanosomiasis known as Surra which produces epidemics of great economic importance in Africa, Asia and South America. The main pathology includes an enlarged spleen with hypertrophy of lymphoid follicles, congested lungs, neuronal degeneration and meningoencephalitis, where migration of the parasites from the blood to the tissues is essential. Most cells, including pathogenic cells, use diverse strategies for tissue invasion, such as the expression of surface receptors to bind plasminogen or plasmin. In this work, we show that T. evansi is able to bind plasminogen and plasmin on its surface. The analysis of this binding revealed a high affinity dissociation constant (Kd of 0.080±0.009μM) and 1×10(5) plasminogen binding sites per cell. Also a second population of receptors with a Kd of 0.255±0.070μM and 3.2×10(4) plasminogen binding sites per cell was determined. Several proteins with molecular masses between ∼18 and ∼70kDa are responsible for this binding. This parasite-plasminogen interaction may be important in the establishment of the infection in the vertebrate host, where the physiological concentration of available plasminogen is around 2μM.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)189-197
Number of pages9
JournalVeterinary Parasitology
Volume226
Early online date14 Jul 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2016

Keywords

  • Aminocaproic Acid/metabolism
  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Carbonates/pharmacology
  • Cell Membrane/metabolism
  • Fibrinolysin/metabolism
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Horses
  • Immune Sera/immunology
  • Microsomes/chemistry
  • Plasminogen/immunology
  • Protozoan Proteins/analysis
  • Rabbits
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Receptors, Cell Surface/metabolism
  • Trypanosoma/metabolism
  • Trypanosomiasis/parasitology
  • Tubulin/immunology
  • Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator/metabolism

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