International business cycle spillovers since the 1870s

Nikolaos Antonakakis, H. Badinger

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    This paper considers the evolution of international business cycle interdependencies among 27 developed and developing countries since the beginning of 1870s, utilising the generalized VAR-based spillover index of Diebold and Yilmaz (2012), which allows the construction of a time-varying measure of business cycle spillovers. We and that, on average, 65% of the forecast error variance of the 27 countries' business cycle shocks is due to international spillovers. However, the magnitude of international business cycle spillovers varies considerably over time. There is a clear increasing trend since the end of World War II and until the mid{1980s. After that, international business cycle interdependencies declined during the period that was dubbed the Great Moderation, and stabilized around the beginning of the 21st century. During the Great Recession of 2008-2009, international business cycle spillovers increased to unprecedented levels. Finally, developed countries are consistently ranked as net transmitters of cyclical shocks to developing counties throughout the sample.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)3682-3694
    JournalApplied Economics
    Issue number30
    Early online date18 Jul 2014
    Publication statusPublished - 2014


    • business cycle
    • spillover
    • variance decomposition
    • vector autoregression
    • developing country
    • developed country


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