In principle, lies could be detected in three different ways: (i) by analysing what people say, (ii) by observing their nonverbal behaviour, or (iii) by measuring their physiological responses. Whichever method is used, lie detectors always face the problem that no cue uniquely related to deception, akin to Pinocchio’s growing nose, exists. Rather, different liars show different cues to deceit, and the same liar may show different cues under different circumstances (DePaulo, Lindsay, Malone, Muhlenbruck, Charlton & Cooper, 2003).
|Title of host publication||Offenders' memories of violent crimes|
|Place of Publication||Chichester|
|Number of pages||26|
|Publication status||Published - 2007|
|Name||Wiley series in psychology of crime, policing and law|
|Publisher||John Wiley & Sons Ltd|