Investigation of low grade Thermal Energy Storage systems with Phase Changing Materials

Law Torres Sevilla, Jovana Radulovic

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The use of phase changing materials (PCMs) for energy storage has been in the focus of scientific research for a while, primarily focusing on building cooling/heating applications due to favourable melting temperature ranges. In this paper we simulated the suitability of encapsulated Paraffin Wax on a small scale in a low temperature thermal energy storage system using COMSOL Multiphysics. Heat absorption and heating dynamics were analysed for different inlet designs and velocities, and the thermal gradient was evaluated across the tank geometry in a number of charging scenarios. Results show that paraffin wax proves to be a good storage medium based on its fast charging and good latent heat absorption. The study found that although an addition of a second inlet to the system yields higher final temperatures and improves the heat transfer rate, it does so minimally and therefore is not notably beneficial. Both designs follow the same heating dynamics independently on the final temperatures. Lastly, higher or lower velocities benefit the system based on the design.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy and Built Environment
Early online date24 Jun 2020
Publication statusEarly online - 24 Jun 2020


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