Investigative interviewing is a method of communicating with anyone within the investigation process (be they witness, victim, suspect or the police officer at the scene) in order to obtain the maximum quality of information. As a result, ethical investigative interviewing is at the heart of any police investigation and thus is the root of achieving justice in society (Milne, Shaw and Bull 2007). This is because there are two key aims underpinning any investigation and these are to (i) find out what happened, and if anything did happen (ii) to discover who did what (Milne and Bull 2006). In order to answer these two primary investigative questions investigators need to gather information and invariably the source of the information is a person (e.g. witness, victim, suspect, complainant, first officer at the scene of a crime, emergency services, informant, experts and so on). Thus one of the most important tools in an investigator’s tool box is the ability to interview (Milne and Bull 2006). Investigative interviews conducted by police can vary greatly in purpose, scope and content (e.g. proactive and reactive investigations). Nevertheless, the common objective of all investigative interviews is to elicit the most accurate, complete and detailed account from an interviewee.
|Title of host publication||The Cambridge handbook of forensic psychology|
|Editors||J. Brown, E. Campbell|
|Place of Publication||Cambridge|
|Publisher||Cambridge University Press|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2010|