Kinematic and dynamic properties of conformal Killing vectors in anisotropic fluids

R. Maartens*, D. P. Mason, M. Tsamparlis

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An example from a perfect fluid FRW space-time is presented to show that a conformal Killing vector (CKV) need not map fluid flow lines into fluid flow lines. Kinematic properties of the Lie derivative along a CKV of timelike and spacelike unit vectors are derived and applied to the fluid unit four-velocity vector. Dynamic properties of special conformal Killing vectors (SCKV) in a fluid with anisotropic pressure and vanishing energy flux are obtained using Einstein's field equations. It is shown that a SCKV maps both fluid flow lines and integral curves of na into themselves, where na is the unit spacelike vector of anisotropy. The relation between the anisotropic pressure components and the energy density is considered. By means of an example from a radiationlike viscous fluid FR W space-time it is shown that the dynamic results depend crucially on the vanishing of the energy flux vector. The extension of the dynamic results to a fluid with arbitrary stress tensor and zero energy flux vector is examined.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2987-2994
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Mathematical Physics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1986


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