Larger benthic foraminifera from the Panna and Mukta fields Offshore India: paleobiogeographical implications

Laura Cotton, V. Paul Wright, Andrew Barnett, Willem Renema

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A previously undocumented, diverse assemblage of very shallow-water larger benthic foraminifera (LBF) is described from the Panna-Mukta fields, offshore India. This location lies at the margin of the late Eocene to early Miocene Arabian Peninsula marine biodiversity hotspot. The assemblage has similar characteristics to those from the Middle East, Oman and Turkey, but shares little in common with onshore western Indian assemblages. In addition, the material contains several unusual and possibly new taxa, and extends the geographic ranges of several existing LBF. The succession spans the Eocene and Oligocene, with an unconformity between the middle and upper Eocene. As such it offers insight into the response of shallow-water taxa to the Eocene–Oligocene Transition extinction event from an unusual setting in a little studied region. Our data show that LBF taxonomic richness in the Panna Mukta fields is comparable with highly diverse assemblages found in Oman, indicating it may be an eastward extension of this high diversity region. Moreover, significant decreases in diversity are seen between the middle and upper Eocene and the upper Eocene and Oligocene. Major extinctions are known to occur in global LBF records at both of these levels, and the Panna Mukta succession therefore further confirms these are global events, extending across the platform and having a dramatic (at least short-term) effect on high biodiversity regions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)243–258
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Foraminiferal Research
Issue number3
Early online date28 Jun 2019
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019


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