Locomotor adaptation and leading limb asymmetries in neonatal chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes)

William D. Hopkins*, Kim A. Bard, Kristine M. Griner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We assessed laterality for leading limb in crawling and leading limb in stepping in 13 chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) during the first 3 months of life. Overall, there is a significant populational right-side bias for crawling but not for stepping. There is a significant negative correlation between laterality in stepping and crawling. The females are more right-sided in lateral bias than the males across both measures. These data suggest that asymmetries in postural organization are present early in life and are specific to the inherent locomotor behavior of a given species.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-114
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Primatology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1997


  • chimpanzees
  • infants
  • laterality
  • locomotion
  • reflexes


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