LSB steganography with improved embedding efficiency and undetectability

Omed Khalind, Benjamin Yowell Yousif Aziz

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In this paper, we propose a new method of non-adaptive LSB steganography in still images toimprove the embedding efficiency from 2 to 8/3 random bits per one embedding change even forthe embedding rate of 1 bit per pixel. The method takes 2-bits of the secret message at a timeand compares them to the LSBs of the two chosen pixel values for embedding, it always assumesa single mismatch between the two and uses the second LSB of the first pixel value to hold theindex of the mismatch. It is shown that the proposed method outperforms the security of LSBreplacement, LSB matching, and LSB matching revisited by reducing the probability ofdetection with their current targeted steganalysis methods. Other advantages of the proposedmethod are reducing the overall bit-level changes to the cover image for the same amount ofembedded data and avoiding complex calculations. Finally, the new method results in littleadditional distortion in the stego image, which could be tolerated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-105
JournalComputer Science & Information Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event4th International Conference on Signal & Image Processing (SIP 2015) - , Switzerland
Duration: 2 Feb 2015 → …


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