Market demands in 3D printing pharmaceuticals products

Dolores Remedios Serrano Lopez, Jose R. Carda, Raquel Fernandez-Garcia, Luiz Fernando Perez-Ballesteros, Maria Paloma Ballesteros Papantonakis, Katerina Lalatsa

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


The interindividual variability is a widespread problem when treating patients with different needs. Since last decade, dose adjustment was based on empirical methods leading to lack of efficacy and high risk of adverse effects. However, 3D printed technologies are revolusionising the pharmaceutical manufacturing of medicines. Even though, there are nine different types of 3D printing techniques, only three of these techniques have shown promising results in the pharmaceutical field: printing-based inkjet systems, nozzle-based deposition systems and laser-based writing systems. There is no single technique able to manufacture all types of medicines as every drug has different physicochemical requirements that have to be met, such as degradation temperature, melt viscosity and aqueous solubility. An additional issue is the lack of guidelines placed in order to understand which quality criteria the 3D printed medicines should meet to reach the patient. However, the perspective of the regulatory authorities is adapting fast to changes of research world and patient’s needs. In 2017, the FDA developed a new guidance entitled “Technical Considerations for Additive Manufactured Devices” in order to provide an insight into technical considerations associated with 3D printing processes including also recommendations for testing and characterization of devices that include at least one additive manufacturing fabrication step. This chapter will focus on market demands in 3D printing pharmaceutical products such as personalised polypills, patches, microneedles and sustained release hydrogels.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication3D Printing Technology in Nanomedicine
EditorsNabeel Ahmad, P. Gorinanth, Rajiv Dutta
Place of PublicationPensylvania, USA
ISBN (Electronic)9780128158913
ISBN (Print)9780128158906
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2019


  • 3D printing
  • PAM
  • 3D medicines
  • hydrogels
  • polypills
  • microneedles
  • personalised medicines
  • dose individualisation
  • FDM
  • SLA


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