Maternal education and childhood immunization in Turkey

Mustafa Özer, Jan Fidrmuc, Mehmet Ali Eryurt

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    We study the causal effect of maternal education on childhood immunization rates. We use the Compulsory Education Law of 1997, and the differentiation in its implementation across regions, as instruments for schooling of young mothers in Turkey. The Compulsory Education Law increased the compulsory years of schooling of those born after 1986 from 5 to 8 years. We find that education of mothers increases the probability of completing the full course of diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus and Hepatitis B vaccinations for their children. The results are robust to variations in regression specification and including various individual and community variables.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1218-1229
    Number of pages12
    JournalHealth Economics
    Issue number8
    Early online date22 May 2018
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018


    • difference ‐ in ‐ difference ‐ in ‐ difference
    • diphtheria
    • pertussis
    • tetanus (DPT)
    • Hepatitis B
    • instrumental variable
    • maternal education
    • vaccination


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