Herein we continue the study of matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) with respect to glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) cell tumorigenicity and angiogenesis. A model of tumorigenicity with cells stably altered to over-express or knock-down MMP-1 revealed that it significantly increases tumor incidence and size. Organized endothelial growth in human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC)-GBM co-cultures was significantly increased in the presence of MMP-1. CD31 analysis of model tumors elucidated a substantial recruitment of endothelium in MMP-1 enhanced samples. Antibody arrays indicated an inverse expression of certain anti-angiogenic factors with respect to MMP-1, the most notable of which was a significant increase in tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-4 (TIMP-4) in the absence of MMP-1, as validated by immunoblot.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Neuro-Oncology|
|Publication status||Published - 2012|