Measurement of the contributions of 1D and 3D pathways to the translocation of a protein along DNA

Darren Gowers, Geoffrey G. Wilson, S. Halford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Proteins that act at specific DNA sequences bind DNA randomly and then translocate to the target site. The translocation is often ascribed to the protein sliding along the DNA while maintaining continuous contact with it. Proteins also can move on DNA by multiple cycles of dissociation/reassociation within the same chain. To distinguish these pathways, a strategy was developed to analyze protein motion between DNA sites. The strategy reveals whether the protein maintains contact with the DNA as it transfers from one site to another by sliding or whether it loses contact by a dissociation/reassociation step. In reactions at low salt, the test protein stayed on the DNA as it traveled between sites, but only when the sites were
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15883-15888
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Volume102
Issue number44
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

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