The surface characteristics of polymers are important factors determining their interfacial properties and their technological performance. Changes in physical and chemical properties of a polymer film may be induced by subjecting the material to a variety of surface modification techniques, one of which is ion-beam modification. In order to understand the underlying mechanisms X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was used to study the alterations of the polystyrene (PS) surface after Ar-ion treatment under well controlled conditions with low ion doses from 1012 to 1016 cm-2. The ion bombardment leads to surface functionalization, loss of aromaticity, and free radical formation. Induced surface cross-linking and the formation of polar groups raised the surface glass transition temperature of PS film.
- X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy
- ion bombardment