Mineral-whole rock isotope fidelity? A comparative study of Hf-Nd-O from high Ba Sr granitoids

E. Bruand, C. Storey, M. Fowler, B. Dhuime, R. Doucelance

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Abstract

It is well-established that lanthanide rare earth elements (REEs) have the potential to record the nature and source characteristics of their host magmas, in both whole-rock and their minerals. Accessory minerals that concentrate REEs are especially useful in crustal evolution studies, both for their elemental and isotopic information; the classic and unrivalled example being zircon. Approaches using a single radiogenic isotopic system, or one radiogenic and one stable isotope system (e.g., Hf and O) in one REE-bearing mineral (usually zircon) are common, but those involving multiple isotopes in several minerals remain scarce despite offering many advantages. Importantly, the latter approaches also allow comparing different techniques and provide evidence on whether isotopic systems were disturbed by secondary processes. This contribution documents several isotopic systems within the abundant accessory mineral of Caledonian high Basingle bondSr granitoids from Northwest Scotland. We present a multi-isotope study of titanite, zircon and apatite from two localities (Strontian and Rogart), which were selected for their contrasting whole-rock isotopic signatures - the former deriving from a depleted mantle source, whereas the latter derived from a strongly enriched mantle source. New in-situ Smsingle bondNd in titanite and apatite and Hf in zircon isotope data are discussed and compared with in-situ oxygen isotope data previously published for the same samples. An internal consistency is observed for Nd isotopes in apatite and titanite. Nd isotopes values for both minerals strongly correlate with Hf isotopes in zircon. Isotopic data at the mineral scale confirm the Strontian and Rogart source characteristics previously defined from whole-rock isotope data, with the Rogart having a more enriched signature than the Strontian source along the “Caledonian Parental Magma Array”(CPMA). In contrast, a significant discrepancy exists between whole-rock and REE-mineral oxygen isotope data as the latter can be affected by post emplacement alteration and hence can be misinterpreted. Importantly, the contribution of sediments in the CPMA source(s) can be estimated from a diagram combining Smsingle bondNd isotopic signatures and (La/Sm)N in apatite and titanite. Overall, we demonstrate that detailed petrogenetic records are not only available in zircons but also in magmatic titanite and apatite, and we suggest that integrated multi-mineral approaches have potential to maximise constraints from in-situ mineral isotope geochemistry.
Original languageEnglish
Article number121425
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Geology
Volume624
Early online date12 Mar 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 May 2023

Keywords

  • Nd isotopes
  • Hf isotopes
  • O isotopes
  • titanite
  • apatite
  • zircon
  • high Ba-Sr granitoids
  • magma petrogenesis
  • UKRI
  • NERC
  • NE/I025573/1

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