Mitigating insider threats using bio-inspired models

Andreas Nicolaou*, Stavros Shiaeles, Nick Savage

*Corresponding author for this work

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Insider threats have become a considerable information security issue that governments and organizations must face. The implementation of security policies and procedures may not be enough to protect organizational assets. Even with the evolution of information and network security technology, the threat from insiders is increasing. Many researchers are approaching this issue with various methods in order to develop a model that will help organizations to reduce their exposure to the threat and prevent damage to their assets. In this paper, we approach the insider threat problem and attempt to mitigate it by developing a machine learning model based on Bio-inspired computing. The model was developed by using an existing unsupervised learning algorithm for anomaly detection and we fitted the model to a synthetic dataset to detect outliers. We explore swarm intelligence algorithms and their performance on feature selection optimization for improving the performance of the machine learning model. The results show that swarm intelligence algorithms perform well on feature selection optimization and the generated, near-optimal, subset of features has a similar performance to the original one.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5046
Number of pages14
JournalApplied Sciences
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jul 2020


  • bio-inspired computing
  • insider threats
  • swarm intelligence (SI)
  • feature selection (FS)
  • optimization
  • machine learning (ML)
  • outlier detection
  • anomaly detection


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