Modelling and multi-criteria analysis of the sustainability dimensions for the green vehicle routing problem

Hassana Abdullahi, Djamila Ouelhadj, Lorena Reyes-Rubiano , Javier Faulin, Angel A. Juan

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Abstract

The transport sector leads to detrimental effects on the economy, environment, and citizens quality of life. During recent years, some key-performance indicators have been proposed to quantify these negative impacts on the economic, environmental, and social dimensions of the sustainability concept. In this paper, we consider the sustainable vehicle routing problem that takes into account the aforementioned dimensions. We propose a weighted sum model and an epsilon-constraint model that combine the three dimensions, as well as a biased-randomised iterated greedy algorithm to solve the integrated problem. A comprehensive set of experiments and sensitivity analysis have been carried out with newly generated instances, which were adapted from existing vehicle routing benchmark instances. The sensitivity analysis is performed to measure the impact of each sustainability dimension and investigate trade-offs among them.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-154
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Operational Research
Volume291
Issue number1
Early online date18 Feb 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • transportation
  • sustainable vehicle routing probllem
  • multi-objective optimisation
  • hybrid metaheuristic

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