Objectives: The first phase of work was to explore a range of technical approaches to transition NICE toward the production of natively digital content.
Methods: Following an initial ‘collaborathon’ in November 2022, the NICE Computable Implementation Guidance project (NCIG) was established. We held a series of workstream calls approximately fortnightly, focusing on (1) user stories and trigger events, (2) information model and definitions, (3) horizon-scanning and output format. A second collaborathon was held in March 2023 to consolidate progress across the workstreams and agree residual actions to complete.
Results: While we initially focussed on technical implementation standards, we decided that an intermediate logical model was a more achievable first step in the journey from narrative to fully computable representation. NCIG adopted the WHO Digital Adaptation Kit (DAK) as a technology-agnostic method to model user scenarios, personae, processes and workflow, core data elements and decision-support logic. Further work will address indicators, such as prescribing compliance, and implementation in document templates for primary care patient record systems.
Conclusions: The project has shown that the WHO DAK, with some modification, is a promising approach to build technology-neutral logical specifications of NICE recommendations. Implementation of concurrent computable modelling by multidisciplinary teams during guideline development poses methodological and cultural questions that are complex but tractable given suitable will and leadership.
- computable knowledge