Modern housing complexes in South Korea: an educational analysis to evaluate the typological evolution and urban adaptations

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Abstract

The contemporary South Korean landscape is characterised by a massive display of modern apartment buildings. They are omni-present in their monotonous manifestation and represent the dream of the Korean population. Serial mass housing is a typology that has had a great diffusion all over the world, but how has modern housing developed in South Korea? To this end, what are the result-ing local adaptations?. This paper retraces these key evolutional aspects. Methodologically, it draws on a scholarly literature review as well as on-site photographic surveys, developed in connection with an educational program at the Korea Tech University. The result is the analysis of both the urban and architectural transformation from the early modernisation period to the present condition of contemporary housing. A historical background introduces Korean traditional urban houses, to be used as a context to describe the contemporary modern city that has developed since the 1960s. The main emphasis is then placed on the urbanisation process that fully matured during the 1980s together with a focus on the mass housing typology as the main pivot in the urban transformation. Finally, the paper will draw a parallel between modern Western theories and Korean applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-90
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Practical Engineering Education
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017

Keywords

  • architecture
  • Urban design
  • Korean architecture
  • Seoul
  • mass housing
  • South Korea

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