Neutrophils elicited in the peritoneal cavity of guinea pigs were purified on Percoll gradients and their chemotactic response to hrIL-8 and fMLP measured in vitro. hrIL-8 and fMLP were effective chemoattractants with optimal concentrations of 6 x 10(-9) and 1 x 10(-7) M, respectively. Scatchard analysis revealed approximately 205,000 IL-8 receptors/cell and 34,000 fMLP receptors/cell with KD values of 4.1 x 10(-9) and 3.3 x 10(-8) M, respectively. At suboptimal concentrations of chemoattractants the response was inhibited by dibutyryl cyclic AMP, histamine, and adenosine in the presence of a phosphodiesterase inhibitor. IL-8 and fMLP induced an increase in cellular cyclic AMP and the response to optimal concentrations of chemoattractants was inhibited by Calphostin C and Ro 31-8220, inhibitors of protein kinase C (PKC). Our results indicate that the chemoattractants activate the same PKC-dependent pathway that is down-regulated by cyclic AMP-dependent mechanisms.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Leukocyte Biology|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1994|