Nanofluid influenced convective heat transfer and nanoparticles dispersion in porous media with a two-phase lattice Boltzmann analysis

Oluwaseyi Aliu, Hamzah Sakidin*, Jalal Foroozesh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, a two-phase lattice Boltzmann model (LBM) is developed and verified to study natural convective heat transfer in a porous medium that is fully saturated with Zn–H2O nanofluid (NF). Zinc, being an environmentally friendly material, is selected as the nanoparticle (NP) here. We aim to analyze NP heat enhancement augmentation and dispersion during NF transport at different Rayleigh number (Ra) values, various porosity ((Formula presented.)), and varying nanoparticle volume fraction (NVF). The equations of flow (velocity), temperature (energy), and NVF fields in porous media are solved numerically. Physical parameters of Rayleigh number, NVF, and Darcy number (Da) are varied to examine their effects on flow patterns (streamlines), temperature distribution (Isotherms), and NP spread (dispersion). Nusselt number is calculated to elucidate its relationship with Ra, Da, and NVF. Results show that Nusselt number increases upon Ra and Da numbers increment thereby accounting for convective heat transfer augmentation. However, it is noted that at Ra = 105; (Formula presented.), the effects of varying NVF are almost the same, thereby suggesting an optimum for positive NP effect. An improved NP dispersion leading to good suspension stability for optimum Zn NP performance is observed with a higher temperature gradient at (Formula presented.), (Formula presented.) compared to (Formula presented.), where NP sedimentation is noticed. Likewise, an increase of NVF suggests an increase in Nusselt number until a certain optimum. This study provides deeper insight into NP dynamics and their heat transfer behavior in porous media using LBM.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHeat Transfer
Early online date21 Dec 2021
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online - 21 Dec 2021

Keywords

  • heat transfer
  • lattice Boltzmann method
  • nanofluid
  • natural convection
  • porous media

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