Nanomechanical behaviour and thermal degradation of nanoclays and supernanoclays enhanced marine gelcoat system

S. See, Zhongyi Zhang, Hom Dhakal, Mel Richardson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    Novel nanoclay reinforced unsaturated polyester gelcoats for marine vessels are evaluated in terms of their thermal and mechanical performance. In this study, mechanical and thermal tests have been employed to characterise different gelcoat systems with various loading levels of nanoclays with and without X-treatment. Differences in mechanical properties were determined by using nano-indentation testing which shown an increase in hardness compared to the control system. Thermal degradation characteristics were determined using a thermogravimetric analyser (TGA). An increase in thermal stability was observed for all nanocomposites compared to the control system. Additionally, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) showed that the effect of inclusion of nanoclays is to hinder the structure of unsaturated polyester gelcoats and hence increase glass transition temperatures. Furthermore, X-treated supernanoclay is shown to be significantly more effective than untreated nanoclay. Enhancement of mechanical property and thermal degradation could be attributed to the grafting of hydroxyl groups (–OH) in the nanoclays with polymer chains.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)21-39
    Number of pages19
    JournalInternational Journal of Materials Engineering Innovation
    Volume1
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

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