Nature-related features and children’s well-being in post-disaster school design

Paramita Atmodiwirjo, Rokhshid Ghaziani, Supreeya Wungpatcharapon, Ratna Djuwita, Yandi Andri Yatmo

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Purpose: This study aims to identify the role of nature-related features in promoting well-being from the perspective of children as the users of post-disaster schools. It highlights the importance of connectedness to nature in design strategies for post-disaster school reconstruction.

Design/methodology/approach: The mixed-method study was conducted in three primary schools reconstructed after the earthquakes in Lombok (Indonesia) and Chiang Rai (Thailand) that integrated some nature-related elements in their design. The questionnaire survey explored the children’s satisfaction with the post-disaster school environment as an indication of well-being.

Findings: The findings suggest that priority in post-disaster school design strategies should incorporate nature-related design features that provide opportunities for children to be with friends and to play, to learn in comfortable and safe conditions, to interact with nature and to be in a quiet and relaxing place.

Originality/value: Most post-disaster reconstruction prioritizes the speed of construction rather than the spatial qualities that could help children deal with the disaster. This study provides evidence on the potential of nature-related design features to support the children’s well-being after the disaster.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Disaster Resilience in the Built Environment
Early online date26 Sept 2023
Publication statusEarly online - 26 Sept 2023


  • post-disaster school design
  • children’s well-being
  • biophilic school design

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