Near-tip strain evolution under cyclic loading: experimental observation and numerical modelling

Jie Tong, Bing Lin, Yanwei Lu, K Madi, Y. H. Tai, J. R. Yates, V. Doquet

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    Abstract

    The concept of ratchetting strain as a crack driving force in controlling crack growth has previously been explored at Portsmouth using numerical approaches for nickel-based superalloys. In this paper, we report the first quantitative experimental evidence of near-tip strain ratchetting with cycles, as captured in situ by digital image correlation (DIC) technique on a compact tension specimen of stainless steel 316L, using both Stereo and SEM systems. The evolution of the near-tip strains with loading cycles was monitored whilst the crack tip was kept stationary. The strains normal to the crack plane were examined over selected distances from 6 to 57 μm to the crack tip for a number of cycles. The results show that strain ratchetting occurs with loading cycles, and is particularly evident close to the crack tip and under higher loads. 3D finite element models have also been developed to simulate the experiments and the results from the simulation are compared with those from the DIC measurements.

    This is the first time that near-tip strain ratchetting has been captured in situ at the peak loads during cyclic loading.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)45-52
    JournalInternational Journal of Fatigue
    Volume71
    Early online date26 Feb 2014
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2015

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