Near-tip strain ratchetting and crack growth at elevated temperature

Jie Tong, C Cornet, Bing Lin, Colin John Lupton, HY Li, P Bowen, S Williams, M Hardy

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Abstract

In this work, we have extended our earlier work on the concept of ratchetting strain as a crack driving force (Tong et al, Int J Fatigue, 2014), to examine the crack growth of a nickel-based superalloy at selected temperatures in vacuum under both fatigue and fatigue-creep loading conditions. The parameters of a unified constitutive model were calibrated against the material data obtained at selected temperatures from 550 to 775C, and a finite element model was developed to simulate the near-tip stress-strain responses under fatigue and creep-fatigue loading conditions at the experimental temperatures. Both ratchetting strain and accumulated inelastic strain near the crack tip were utilised in the prediction of the crack growth rates collected in vacuum. It seems that, although both ratchetting strain and accumulated inelastic strain correlate with the crack growth rates obtained under fatigue and fatigue-creep loading conditions, the predictions based on accumulated plastic strain are particularly close to the experimental results at all temperatures and loading conditions examined.

This is the first time the concept of ratchetting strain has been used to predict the crack growth rates of an engineering alloy at elevated temperature in vacuum, where the influence of oxidation on crack growth is removed.

KEYWORDS: Crack tip; viscoplasticity; ratchetting; accumulated inelastic strain; crack growth; elevated temperature; vacuum; nickel-based superalloy
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)514-520
JournalInternational Journal of Fatigue
Volume82
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2016

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