Neo-liberalism and its impact on overfishing and overcapitalisation in the marine fisheries of Chile, Mexico and Peru

A. Ibarra, Chris Reid, Andy Thorpe

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    Abstract

    The linkages between neo-liberalism and the fisheries sector in three of Latin America’s principal fishing nations are examined. The paper shows how macroeconomic policies have not only re-inforced the sector’s traditional export orientation but also permitted increased private participation in harvesting and processing. Production and export growth was facilitated by the absence of an effective regulatory framework as the belief that fish stocks were plenteous (following the designation of 200 mile Economic Exclusion Zones in the 1970s) encouraged governments to permit open access fisheries regimes. The belated recognition that there were indeed ‘limits to growth’ spawned a series of fisheries laws in the early-1990s which have sought to re-regulate the sector. To date these efforts have been largely unsuccessful — and the principal regional fisheries are presently both overcapitalised and dangerously overfished.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)599-622
    Number of pages24
    JournalFood Policy
    Volume25
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2000

    Fingerprint

    Dive into the research topics of 'Neo-liberalism and its impact on overfishing and overcapitalisation in the marine fisheries of Chile, Mexico and Peru'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this