New paradigms in researching police use of firearms

Jo Barton, Aldert Vrij, Ray Bull

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In the current climate of increasing violence against the police, the use of force by police officers has been the focus of much dabate, ranging from the use of non lethal incapacitant sprays to the use of lethal forceI. We review literature concerning the use of lethal force by police officers, evaluate its utility for operational contexts, consider its implications for training and propose that new technological devices can revolutionise the identification of crucial variables.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36-41
JournalJournal of Police and Criminal Psychology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1998


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