Obstructions to Bell CMB experiments

Jerome Martin, Vincent Vennin

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We present a general and systematic study of how a Bell experiment on the cosmic microwave background could be carried out. We introduce different classes of pseudo-spin operators and show that, if the system is placed in a two-mode squeezed state as inflation predicts, they all lead to a violation of the Bell inequality. However, we also discuss the obstacles that one faces in order to realize this program in practice and show that they are probably insurmountable. We suggest alternative methods that could reveal the quantum origin of cosmological structures without relying on Bell experiments.
Original languageEnglish
Article number063501
JournalPhysical Review D
Publication statusPublished - 6 Sept 2017


  • RCUK
  • STFC
  • ST/K00090X/1
  • ST/N000668/1


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