On the micro-to-macro limit for first-order traffic flow models on networks

Emiliano Cristiani, Smita Sahu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Connections between microscopic follow-the-leader and macroscopic fluid-dynamics traffic flow models are already well understood in the case of vehicles moving on a single road. Analogous connections in the case of road networks are instead lacking. This is probably due to the fact that macroscopic traffic models on networks are in general ill-posed, since the conservation of the mass is not sufficient alone to characterize a unique solution at junctions. This ambiguity makes more difficult to find the right limit of the microscopic model, which, in turn, can be defined in different ways near the junctions. In this paper we show that a natural extension of the first-order follow-the-leader model on networks corresponds, as the number of vehicles tends to infinity, to the LWR-based multi-path model introduced in [4,5].
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-413
Number of pages19
JournalNetworks and Heterogeneous Media
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2016


  • Car-following model
  • Follow-the-leader model
  • LWR model
  • Many-particle limit
  • Multi-path model
  • Networks
  • Traffic


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