Optical colours and spectral indices of z = 0.1 EAGLE galaxies with the 3D dust radiative transfer code SKIRT

James W. Trayford*, Peter Camps, Tom Theuns, Maarten Baes, Richard G. Bower, Robert A. Crain, Madusha L. P. Gunawardhana, Matthieu Schaller, Joop Schaye, Carlos S. Frenk

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present mock optical images, broad-band and H α fluxes, and D4000 spectral indices for 30 145 galaxies from the EAGLE hydrodynamical simulation at redshift z = 0.1, modelling dust with the SKIRT Monte Carlo radiative transfer code. The modelling includes a subgrid prescription for dusty star-forming regions, with both the subgrid obscuration of these regions and the fraction of metals in diffuse interstellar dust calibrated against far-infrared fluxes of local galaxies. The predicted optical colours as a function of stellar mass agree well with observation, with the SKIRT model showing marked improvement over a simple dust-screen model. The orientation dependence of attenuation is weaker than observed because EAGLE galaxies are generally puffier than real galaxies, due to the pressure floor imposed on the interstellar medium (ISM). The mock H α luminosity function agrees reasonably well with the data, and we quantify the extent to which dust obscuration affects observed H α fluxes. The distribution of D4000 break values is bimodal, as observed. In the simulation, 20 per cent of galaxies deemed 'passive' for the SKIRT model, i.e. exhibiting D4000 > 1.8, are classified 'active' when ISM dust attenuation is not included. The fraction of galaxies with stellar mass greater than 1010 M that are deemed passive is slightly smaller than observed, which is due to low levels of residual star formation in these simulated galaxies. Colour images, fluxes and spectra of EAGLE galaxies are to be made available through the public EAGLE data base.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)771-799
Number of pages29
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume470
Issue number1
Early online date9 May 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2017

Keywords

  • dust
  • extinction
  • galaxies: star formation
  • UKRI
  • STFC
  • ST/F001166/1
  • ST/K00042X/1
  • ST/H008519/1

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