Optimal design of water distribution systems using genetic algorithms

Kalanithy Vairavamoorthy*, Mohammed Ali

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article proposes an optimal design methodology for the design of water distribution systems based on genetic algorithms. The objective of the optimization is to minimize the capital cost, subject to ensuring adequate pressures at all nodes. The proposed method differs from those of previous workers who have applied genetic algorithms in that the strings in the genetic algorithm model are coded using real variables, and this avoids the problem of redundant states often found when using binary (and Gray) coding schemes. A fitness function is also proposed that incorporates a variable penalty coefficient that depends on the degree of violation of the pressure constraints. The method also differs from those of previous workers in that it does not require solution of the nonlinear equations governing the flows and pressures in the distribution system for each individual member within the population. Hence this method shows a significant advantage compared with previously published techniques in terms of computational efficiency. The method has been tested on several networks, including networks used for benchmark testing least-cost design algorithms, and has been shown to be very efficient and robust.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)374-382
Number of pages9
JournalComputer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2000


Dive into the research topics of 'Optimal design of water distribution systems using genetic algorithms'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this