Optimal fiscal management in an economy with resource revenue-financed government linked companies

King Yoong Lim, Shuonan Zhang

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Abstract

We present a DSGE model in which a resource-rich government allocates its excess resource rents between a resource stabilization fund and the facilitation of costly domestic fund-raising activities of SWF, which holds a portfolio of government linked companies (GLCs). Despite being less productive efficient, GLCs' operation benefits from scale economies tied to the resource sector: its profitability is procyclical to commodity shocks. The model is estimated to Malaysia using the Bayesian approach, with the results suggesting a business cycle heavily influenced by resource shocks. Based on this, we solve numerically for a socially-optimal combination of excess resource savings allocation. We find the present allocation to be sub-optimal, regardless of the structural shocks. This suggests that the Malaysian economy might have hit its absorptive capacity constraint (i.e. a domestic economy saturated by GLCs).
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Finance and Economics
Early online date9 Feb 2021
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online - 9 Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Commodity Shocks
  • Fiscal Management
  • Government-linked Companies
  • Open-economy macroeconomics
  • Resource Wealth

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