Optimisation of a sustainable manufacturing system design using the multi-objective approach

Reda Nujoom, Qian Wang, Ahmed Mohammed

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    A sustainable manufacturing system design can be defined as a process aimed at minimising the negative aspect of both economic and ecological costs. This may be partially achieved through the implementation of lean manufacturing methods in order to reduce production wastes, increase efficiency of manufacturing systems and minimise operational costs. Nevertheless, the concept of lean methods does not include environmental considerations in terms of such as energy consumption and CO2 (carbon dioxide) emissions, which are also important factors today for developing a sustainable manufacturing system. This paper addresses these issues involved in modelling a sustainable manufacturing system allowing an evaluation in energy consumption and CO2 emissions against the total cost using the multi-objective approach. In this work, a multiobjective mathematical model was developed based on a manufacturing system incorporating its economic and ecological parameters towards a minimisation of the total cost, the total energy consumption and CO2 emissions associated with relevant machines, air-conditioning units and lighting bulbs involved in each manufacturing process and material flow. The model was coded using LINGO11 to help gain optimal solutions using the ε-constraint approach and the LP-metrics approach, respectively. The best solution among obtained optimal results was revealed using the max-min approach. Applicability of the proposed method was also examined using collected data from a real case study. The study concluded that the multi-objective mathematical model was useful as an aid for optimizing the manufacturing system design under the economic and ecological constraints.
    Original languageEnglish
    Number of pages20
    JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
    Early online date23 Feb 2018
    Publication statusEarly online - 23 Feb 2018


    • sustainable manufacturing systems
    • energy consumption
    • CO2
    • lean manufacturing
    • environmental constraints
    • multi-objectives


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