Paintings as architectural space: “Guided Tours” by Cezanne and Hokusai

Endre Kadar, J. Effken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, we present a comparative analysis of 2 painters' (Czanne and Hokusai) efforts to enhance active participatory perception (Gibson, 1966, 1979/1986) in their landscape work. As exemplars, we use Czanne's paintings of Mount Sainte-Victoire and Hokusai's prints of the Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji, noting how the similarities and differences in scientific and Chinese perspectives affect our perception of the landscapes. Although both artists used linear perspective and axonometry, geometric standards that originated in architecture and later were adopted by painters, they frequently violated these standards through innovative technical devices. As a result, Czanne and Hokusai created unique architectural spaces into which we are not only invited but also guided by our own active perception and anticipated 20th-century artistic and scientific movements, including cubism, phenomenology, and Gibson's (1966) theory of active perception.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-327
Number of pages29
JournalEcological Psychology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2008


Dive into the research topics of 'Paintings as architectural space: “Guided Tours” by Cezanne and Hokusai'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this