Passive sampling technologies

Graham A. Mills*, Gary R. Fones, Kees Booij, Richard Greenwood

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChemical Marine Monitoring
Subtitle of host publicationPolicy Framework and Analytical Trends
EditorsPhilippe Quevauviller, Patrick Roose, Gert Verreet
Number of pages36
ISBN (Electronic)9781119990826
ISBN (Print)9780470747650
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sept 2011


  • Alternative approach, to lack of PRCs - for polar organics, and continuous-flow integrative sampler use
  • Areas, of freshwater monitoring - that use of infrequent spot sampling, not providing a representative measure of quality of body of water
  • Hazardous chemicals of concern - identified, maximum environmental concentrations defined within legislation
  • Measurement current practice - methodologies for regulatory monitoring of chemical quality of environmental waters
  • Passive samplers, of receiving phase - high affinity for pollutant of interest
  • Passive sampling technologies
  • Passive sampling, and pollutants - lowering limits of detection for some compounds, present at trace levels
  • Rationale and requirements for monitoring - pollutant concentration in water, by Wu et al
  • Time-weighted average (TWA) concentration - of pollutant in water column
  • Validation, and use of passive samplers - in equilibrium or integrative mode

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