Purpose: To assess the push-out strength, the cement layer thickness and the interfacial nanoleakage of prefabricated fiber posts, CAD/CAM fiber posts and metal cast posts cemented into oval-shaped root canals.
Methods: Oval-shaped post spaces were prepared in 30 single-rooted premolars. Roots were randomly assigned to three groups (n=10), according to the post type to be inserted: Group 1: Prefabricated fiber post (D.T. Light-Post X-RO Illusion); Group 2: Cast metal post; Group 3: CAD/CAM-fabricated fiber post (experimental fiber blocks). In Group 3, post spaces were sprayed with scan powder (VITA), scanned with an inEos 4.2 scanner, and fiber posts were milled using an inLab MC XL CAD/CAM milling unit. All posts were cemented using Gradia Core dual-cure resin cement in combination with Gradia core self-etching bond (GC). After 24 hours, the specimens were sectioned perpendicular to the long axis into six 1 mm-thick sections, which were differentiated by the root level. Sections from six roots per group were used to measure the cement thickness and subsequently for the thin-slice push-out test, whereas the sections from the remaining four teeth were assigned to interfacial nanoleakage test. The cement thickness around the posts was measured in micrometers (urn) on the digital images acquired with a digital microscope using the Digimizer software. Thin-slice push-out test was conducted using a universal testing machine at the crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/minute and the bond strength was expressed in megaPascals (MPa). The interfacial nanoleakage was observed under light microscope and quantified by scoring the depth of silver nitrate penetration along the post-cement-dentin interfaces. The obtained results were statistically analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA, followed by the Dunn's Multiple Range test for post hoc comparisons. The level of significance was set at P< 0.05.
Results: Statistically significant differences were found among the groups in push-out bond strength, cement thickness and interfacial nanoleakage (P< 0.05). CAD/CAM-fabricated fiber posts achieved retention that was comparable to that of cast metal posts and significantly higher than that of prefabricated fiber posts. The cement layer thickness around CAD/CAM-fabricated fiber posts was significantly lower than around prefabricated fiber posts, but higher than that around cast metal posts. Root level was not a significant factor for push-out strength in any of the groups, whereas it significantly affected cement layer thickness only in the prefabricated fiber post group. No differences were observed in interfacial nanoleakage between CAD-CAM fabricated and prefabricated fiber posts, while nanoleakage recorded in cast metal posts was significantly lower. (Am J Dent 2017;30:248-254). Clinical significance: CAD/CAM fabricated fiber posts could represent a valid alternative to traditionally used posts in the restoration of endodontically-treated teeth with oval or wide root canals, offering the advantages of better esthetics, retention, and cement thickness values that are comparable to cast post and cores.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||American Journal of Dentistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Oct 2017|