In this article, a predator–prey model of Beddington–DeAngelis type with discrete delay is proposed and analyzed. The essential mathematical features of the proposed model are investigated in terms of local, global analysis and bifurcation theory. By analyzing the associated characteristic equation, it is found that the Hopf bifurcation occurs when the delay parameter τ crosses some critical values. In this article, the classical Bazykin’s model is modified with Beddington–DeAngelis functional response. The parametric space under which the system enters into Hopf bifurcation for both delay and non-delay cases are investigated. Global stability results are obtained by constructing suitable Lyapunov functions for both the cases. We also derive the explicit formulae for determining the stability, direction and other properties of bifurcating periodic solutions by using normal form and central manifold theory. Our analytical findings are supported by numerical simulations. Biological implication of the analytical findings are discussed in the conclusion section.
|Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation
|Early online date
|19 Jun 2013
|Published - 1 Jan 2014