Personality and hardiness among police students: an evaluative pilot study

Patrick Risan, Tom H. Skoglund, Asle M. Sandvik, Rebecca Milne

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The purpose of the current pilot study was to evaluate the suitability and usefulness of short-form measures of personality (BFI-20) and hardiness (DRS-15-R) for a sample of police students (N = 129). The aim was to investigate: (1) the rudimentary psychometric properties of the instruments used; (2) the covariation between the obtained scores on these instruments; and (3) whether gender differences in mean scores were present. The results showed that hardiness and Emotional stability had a large covariation, and that Emotional stability was a strong predictor of the total hardiness score. Males and females obtained approximately the same mean scores on the hardiness components but showed a greater variation in BFI-20 scores. We discuss the results in relation to previous research and concluded that useful knowledge of individual differences among police students can be obtained with these measures.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalNordic Journal of Studies in Policing
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 21 Nov 2022


  • police trainees/students
  • personality
  • hardiness
  • assessment


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