Phase behavior and fluid interactions of a CO2-Light oil system at high pressures and temperatures

Mohamed Gamal Rezk, J. Foroozesh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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This paper investigates the phase behavior and mutual interactions between a light crude oil and CO2 at high pressures and high temperatures (HPHT). To do so, we have measured PVT properties of the CO2-oil system at HPHT using a PVT setup. We have also tried to present a detailed methodology for measuring PVT properties of CO2-oil systems and highlight the difficulties such as oil vaporization by CO2 during the experiments. A crude oil sample, collected from a Malaysian oil field, was used here. Our experiments indicated that, CO2 solubility in the oil increased at higher pressures when measured at a fixed temperature. Our experiments also showed that increasing the test temperature would reduce CO2 solubility in the oil, while its effect is more significant at higher pressures. The swelling factor (SF) measurements showed an increasing trend with pressure up to a certain value so-called extraction pressure, at which, the SF started to be reduced even became less than one. The measurements of oil viscosity indicated that CO2 dissolution in the oil sample could reduce the mixture viscosity up to 61%. The interfacial tensions between CO2 and the crude oil at different pressures were also measured while the results were used to estimate the minimum miscibility pressure (MMP) and the first contact miscibility (FCM) pressure. The IFT measurements at various pressures displayed a reduction trend as a result of more CO2 dissolution in the oil but with two different slopes. That is, at lower pressure values, the measured IFTs were sharply reduced with pressure, while the reduction rate of the IFT became less when pressures exceeded the extraction pressure. This study helps with determining the optimum pressure and temperature conditions of CO2-oil systems to have a minimum IFT, a maximum CO2 solubility and SF, and a minimum oil viscosity that are favorable for CO2-enhanced oil recovery projects. Additionally, the methodology presented here gives guidelines on how to design PVT experiments of CO2-oil systems for petroleum and chemical engineering applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere02057
Number of pages9
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jul 2019


  • chemical engineering
  • CO2-Oil systems
  • fluid-fluid interactions
  • IFT
  • petroleum engineering
  • physical chemistry
  • PVT experiments
  • solubility
  • swelling
  • viscosity


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