Membrane vesicles secreted by Leishmania mexicana were collected and analyzed. These vesicles can bind plasminogen and were shown to contain enolase, previously identified as a plasminogen-binding protein. In addition, another plasminogen-binding protein was identified, the small myristoylated protein, SMP-1. Recombinant SMP-1 was able to bind plasminogen in a lysine-dependent manner with a K(d) value of 0.24 μM. The C-terminal lysine seems to be responsible for this binding, since this recognition decreases upon carboxypeptidase B treatment. This protein was present within the secreted membrane vesicles as demonstrated by its protection from trypsin digestion in the absence of Triton X-100. Plasminogen-binding proteins in the secreted vesicles may be involved in parasite invasion in the mammalian host.
- Host-Pathogen Interactions
- Leishmania mexicana/metabolism
- Protein Binding
- Protozoan Proteins/metabolism
- Secretory Vesicles/metabolism