Political Catholicism was a crucial political force in interwar Europe and, in some ways, a precursor to postwar Christian Democracy and the modern European People's Party. The ambivalent role of Catholic parties between democratic cooperation in the new republican and democratic regimes after the First World War, and the temptation to collaborate with authoritarian right-wing dictatorships against the perceived dangers of social turmoil and socialist revolution, are fundamental for understanding twentieth century European history and the politics of the European Union. This book seeks to explain the role of Catholic parties in interwar Europe in a systematically pan-European comparative perspective. All country chapters address the same questions about the parties' membership and social organization; their economic and social policies; and their European and international policies at a time of increasing national and ethnic conflict. The book also includes two survey chapters explaining the origins of political Catholicism in nineteenth century Europe and comparing the parties' interwar development, and two chapters on transnational party contacts. This book has a companion volume, Christian Democracy in Europe Since 1945 , also published in 2004.
|Place of Publication||London|
|Number of pages||304|
|Publication status||Published - May 2004|