Potential of Date Palm Fibers (DPFs) as a sustainable reinforcement for bio- composites and its property enhancement for key applications: a review

Hom Dhakal*, Sakib Hossain Khan, Ibrahim A. Alnaser, Mohammad Rezaul Karim, Abu Saifullah, Zhong Yi Zhang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

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This article presents a comprehensive review of the advancements in the use of Date Palm Fiber (DPF) reinforced composites, highlighting their mechanical, thermal, and morphological properties and the enhancements achieved through various modification techniques. Date palm fibers, a sustainable and biodegradable resource, have garnered significant interest due to their potential in reducing environmental impact across several key industries, including building and construction, automotive, and packaging. The review discusses the effects of hybrid approaches and physical and chemical treatments on the mechanical properties of DPF composites, demonstrating improvements in tensile strength, elasticity, and flexural strength through optimized fiber-matrix bonding and reduced moisture absorption. Thermal behavior analyses through Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA), Dynamic Mechanical Analysis (DMA), and thermal conductivity underscore the composites’ suitability for applications requiring high thermal stability and conductivity for insulation applications. Morphological studies reveal that surface-treated fibers integrate more effectively with various polymeric matrices, leading to enhanced composite performance. The practical applications of DPF composites are explored, emphasizing their role in promoting sustainable manufacturing practices. Challenges such as scalability, cost-efficiency, and performance consistency are addressed, alongside future perspectives that suggest a promising direction for further research and technological development in the field of natural fiber composites. This review aims to solidify the foundation for ongoing advancements and increase the adoption of DPF composites in commercial applications.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMacromolecular Materials and Engineering
Early online date30 May 2024
Publication statusEarly online - 30 May 2024


  • biocomposites
  • date palm fibers
  • hybridization
  • mechanical properties
  • moisture absorption
  • net zero
  • surface treatment
  • sustainability
  • thermal properties

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