Projected lifetime healthcare costs associated with HIV infection

Fumiyo Nakagawa, Alec Miners, Colette J. Smith, Ruth Simmons, Rebecca K. Lodwick, Valentina Cambiano, Jens D. Lundgren, Valerie Delpech, Andrew N. Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

163 Downloads (Pure)


Objective - Estimates of healthcare costs associated with HIV infection would provide valuable insight for evaluating the cost-effectiveness of possible prevention interventions. We evaluate the additional lifetime healthcare cost incurred due to living with HIV. 

Methods - We used a stochastic computer simulation model to project the distribution of lifetime outcomes and costs of men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM) infected with HIV in 2013 aged 30, over 10,000 simulations. We assumed a resource-rich setting with no loss to follow-up, and that standards and costs of healthcare management remain as now. 

Results - Based on a median (interquartile range) life expectancy of 71.5 (45.0-81.5) years for MSM in such a setting, the estimated mean lifetime cost of treating one person was £360,800 ($567,000 or €480,000). With 3.5% discounting, it was £185,200 ($291,000 or €246,000). The largest proportion (68%) of these costs was attributed to antiretroviral drugs. If patented drugs are replaced by generic versions (at 20% cost of patented prices), estimated mean lifetime costs reduced to £179,000 ($281,000 or €238,000) and £101,200 ($158,900 or €134,600) discounted. 

Conclusions - If 3,000 MSM had been infected in 2013, then future lifetime costs relating to HIV care is likely to be in excess of £1 billion. It is imperative for investment into prevention programmes to be continued or scaled-up in settings with good access to HIV care services. Costs would be reduced considerably with use of generic antiretroviral drugs.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0125018
JournalPLoS One
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2015


Dive into the research topics of 'Projected lifetime healthcare costs associated with HIV infection'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this