Psychological implications of Fulani Herdsmen religio-organizational terrorism in Eastern Nigeria (Biafra)

Okechukwu Nwankwo*, Precious Ike, Paschal Kandilichukwu Officha, Yvesmary Obi, Aultima Peters

*Corresponding author for this work

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The research examined psychosocial implications of Fulani herdsmen religio-organizational terrorism in Eastern-Nigeria (Biafra). Research participants were individuals or inhabitants affected by the Fulani herdsmen attacks. The research adopted analytical design. Instruments were secondary sources of information explored to collect facts. Fulani Herdsmen religio-organizational terrorism in Eastern Nigeria (Biafra) is characterised by religious/ethnic cleansing, physical injury and starvation, genocide, abduction and sexual abuse. Psychosocial theories reviewed were psychoanalysis, cognitive dissonance, frustration-aggression, and terror management. Findings of the research were that Fulani Herdsmen terrorism leads to the following psychological results - mental health challenge, withdrawal tendency, life frustration, and trauma; as well as the following social results - social anxiety, tribal hatred, high insecurity/crime, and family disintegration. Recommendations were made to intensify security effectiveness and efficiency, as well as political will and synergy to stop Fulani Herdsmen religio-organizational terrorism in Eastern Nigeria (Biafra) in particular and Nigeria in general.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-27
Number of pages14
JournalBritish Journal of Psychology Research
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019


  • Biafra
  • Eastern Nigeria
  • Fulani-Herdsmen
  • psychosocial
  • terrorism
  • religio-organizational

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